Simple future

- The simple future is very easy to conjugate and can be used for a variety of reasons.

Using the simple future
To predict a future event. It will snow tomorrow.
You will be tired later.
To express one’s willingness to do something or to request help. I’ll clean the apartment.
I’ll help Luke with his anthropology assignment.
Used to express a promise to do something. I will take care of grandma.
I’ll keep it a secret.
I won’t tell anyone.
Used to give an invitation. Will you be my date to the ballet?
Will you wash the car?

- Rules for conjugating simple future:

  • Will + verb infinitive (without "to")
  • It’s also possible to replace "will" with "shall"; however, "shall" isn’t common (and is a bit dated). It may be best to stick with "will."

- Examples:

She’ll make a great politician one day.
Don’t fret; I’ll mop the floor.
I’ll be careful while driving.
Will you fix my computer?

- The subject pronouns ("I," "you," "he," etc.) and "will" are almost always used in their contracted form; this makes recognizing the contracted form very important.

I will = I’ll
You will = you’ll
She will = she’ll
We will = we’ll
They = they’ll
Will not = won’t

- The future continuous implies that the action or event being described has not yet finished. Furthermore, this event or action will be completed sometime in the future

Using the future continuous
A specific time used as a future interruption to a future continuous action*. I will be watching the movie when she boards her flight.
She’ll be cooking when I arrive at home.
Used to predict the future. They’ll be dancing all night!
We’ll be waiting all week I’m afraid.
Used as a polite way to ask about future information. Will you and Tom be attending the wedding next week?
When combined with "still," it is used to describe a present-day action that will continue in the future She’ll still be in waiting for an answer.
I’ll still be wearing this dress tonight.

*The interrupting action is conjugated in simple present — not simple future.

- Rules for conjugating future continuous:

  • Will be + present participle (verb base + -ing)
  • Like the simple future, the future continuous is conjugated the same with all subject pronouns.
Verb All pronouns Contraction example
Sing Will be singing I’ll be singing
Watch Will be watching You’ll be watching
Jump Will be jumping He’ll be jumping
Eat Will be eating They’ll be eating

- Examples:

Tell Signe that we’ll still be cleaning up this mess and we won’t be done by lunch.
Will you be enrolling in college next fall?
I’ll be crying when Adam arrives tomorrow!
Common expression of the future Examples
After the present - one or several days or hours in the future Tomorrow my dad will be late to work.
Tomorrow night, I’ll be working.
This afternoon I’ll be going to the doctor.
In a (specific period of time) In a year, he will be in the United States.
In a week, I will start my work contract.
In 2055 I’ll be 63 years old.
This (specific, current and continuing period of time) This year, I will finish my degree.
This week, I will work a lot.
The (period of time) after (same period of time) The week after next, I will be in France.
The day after tomorrow she’ll already have left.
Next (specific period of time) Next week Sarah will be busy.
Next year I will be 30.
On (a specific day) On Monday, I will meet with my mom.
On Tuesday, she won’t be at work.