- The simple future is very easy to conjugate and can be used for a variety of reasons.
|To predict a future event.||
It will snow tomorrow.
You will be tired later.
|To express one’s willingness to do something or to request help.||
I’ll clean the apartment.
I’ll help Luke with his anthropology assignment.
|Used to express a promise to do something.||
I will take care of grandma.
I’ll keep it a secret.
I won’t tell anyone.
|Used to give an invitation.||
Will you be my date to the ballet?
Will you wash the car?
- Rules for conjugating simple future:
- Will + verb infinitive (without "to")
- It’s also possible to replace "will" with "shall"; however, "shall" isn’t common (and is a bit dated). It may be best to stick with "will."
|She’ll make a great politician one day.|
|Don’t fret; I’ll mop the floor.|
|I’ll be careful while driving.|
|Will you fix my computer?|
- The subject pronouns ("I," "you," "he," etc.) and "will" are almost always used in their contracted form; this makes recognizing the contracted form very important.
I will = I’ll
You will = you’ll
She will = she’ll
We will = we’ll
They = they’ll
Will not = won’t
- The future continuous implies that the action or event being described has not yet finished. Furthermore, this event or action will be completed sometime in the future
|A specific time used as a future interruption to a future continuous action*.||
I will be watching the movie when she boards her flight.
She’ll be cooking when I arrive at home.
|Used to predict the future.||
They’ll be dancing all night!
We’ll be waiting all week I’m afraid.
|Used as a polite way to ask about future information.||Will you and Tom be attending the wedding next week?|
|When combined with "still," it is used to describe a present-day action that will continue in the future||
She’ll still be in waiting for an answer.
I’ll still be wearing this dress tonight.
*The interrupting action is conjugated in simple present — not simple future.
- Rules for conjugating future continuous:
- Will be + present participle (verb base + -ing)
- Like the simple future, the future continuous is conjugated the same with all subject pronouns.
|Verb||All pronouns||Contraction example|
|Sing||Will be singing||I’ll be singing|
|Watch||Will be watching||You’ll be watching|
|Jump||Will be jumping||He’ll be jumping|
|Eat||Will be eating||They’ll be eating|
|Tell Signe that we’ll still be cleaning up this mess and we won’t be done by lunch.|
|Will you be enrolling in college next fall?|
|I’ll be crying when Adam arrives tomorrow!|
|Common expression of the future||Examples|
|After the present - one or several days or hours in the future||
Tomorrow my dad will be late to work.
Tomorrow night, I’ll be working.
This afternoon I’ll be going to the doctor.
|In a (specific period of time)||
In a year, he will be in the United States.
In a week, I will start my work contract.
In 2055 I’ll be 63 years old.
|This (specific, current and continuing period of time)||
This year, I will finish my degree.
This week, I will work a lot.
|The (period of time) after (same period of time)||
The week after next, I will be in France.
The day after tomorrow she’ll already have left.
|Next (specific period of time)||
Next week Sarah will be busy.
Next year I will be 30.
|On (a specific day)||
On Monday, I will meet with my mom.
On Tuesday, she won’t be at work.