General verb introduction
- There are five basic sentence structures in English. More complex sentences are created with one of these basic structures at its core.
The girl sings.
I ate the apples.
She kicked the ball.
I go to the cinema.
It remains in the box.
Colin is handsome.
I am happy.
Sarah runs quickly.
Maria talks quietly.
I am a student.
John is a plumber.
- There are also three main auxiliary verbs you need to understand in English. Auxiliary verbs help the main verb by adding different tenses, mood, and voices.
|I should be cooking dinner right now.|
|She would like to hike Mount Shasta one day.|
|They must come over by 4pm.|
- There are three main auxiliary verbs: to be, to do, and to have. These three can either be main verbs or auxiliary verbs. They can change tense or form, as you see on the chart below.
|Form||To be||To do||To have|
To be is the most used verb in the English language. It can be used to create the passive voice or progressive sentences.
|I am eating lunch.|
|He was chosen to participate.|
|I am looking for my coat.|
|He was yelling at the dog.|
To do, as an auxiliary verb, is always followed by the infinitive of the main verb. It is used in negative sentences, in questions, and to add emphasis to a positive sentence.
|She does run in the mornings, I swear!|
|Do you like cake?|
|She doesn’t go to the movies very frequently.|
|Do you wash your sheets weekly?|
To have is another one of the most common verbs used in English. It is often used in questions and perfect sentences.
|Have you seen my cat?|
|Has he finished his homework yet?|
|I have eaten four meals today.|
|He has been finished rude all night.|